Cradle of Civilization in the Sub-Continent
Though one of the five "cradles" of civilization, this region of archaeological wonder is not nearly as accessible to Western culture as that of the Fertile Crescent (Egypt and Mesopotamia). Its history is not as early or as complex as that of the Middle East, either. But the Indus River Valley civilization remains as a substantial beginning for humanity in this region of the world. Most of this civilization occupied what is modern-day Pakistan, but also part of Western India.
Settlements in this valley start about 7000 BC, with mature cities showing up about 2600 to 1900 BC. Major cities include Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro and Rakhigarhi.
The Indus Valley civilization included the first known urban sanitation systems in the world. Their society included dockyards, granaries, warehouses, brick platforms and protective walls. The culture seemed largely egalitarian. All houses had similar access to water and drainage. No homes were significantly larger than others and there do not appear to have been palaces, so wealth was not concentrated in an elite few.
Possible Links to Atlantis
If Plato's lost island empire, Atlantis, ever existed, its refugees had plenty of time to influence cultures across all of Eurasia.
The ubiguitous signs of goddess worship and signs of bull-leaping suggest a tie with the culture of Minoan Crete, about which we still know very little.
The language of this culture or batch of cultures is unknown, but one of the more popular theories points to the Dravidian language family which is concentrated largely in Southern India today, but exists in pockets all across India and Pakistan, suggesting a much broader presence in prehistoric times. Could the children of Atlantis have migrated into the area, influenced and merged with its inhabitants and disseminated the legends of a prior civilization, thus inspiring the creation of a new one?
If the culture of the Indus Valley civilization was Dravidian, some linguistic clues prove interesting, here. Perhaps the two most sentimentally favorite words in any language are "mother" and "father." Dravidian for mother=amma, father=appa(n) and these remain strikingly similar to the Sumerian (mother=ama, father=ada). But also compare this to Hungarianmother=anya, father=apa or atya.
While such a linguistic clue is pretty thin as evidence goes, it remains nonetheless a possible clue. Though it is unworthy of being called proof of anything, it can act as a direction for further investigation.
Each of these seems to create a piece of a larger puzzle which includes Etruscan and Basque. In Etruscan, mother=ati, father=apa. In Basque, mother=ama, father=aita. Notice the apparent gender swap between the two languagesBasque for "mother" seems similar to Etruscan (Rasenna) for "father," while Basque for "father" remains similar to Etruscan for "mother."
One curious fact makes the link between Basque and Etruscan even more enticing comes to us from the Etruscan pantheon. One of the Etruscan gods has a name which matches exactly by gender and spelling the Basque for "father"Aita (god of "endings" or "death"). And similarly, one of the Etruscan goddesses has a name which nearly matches the Basque for "mother"Ana (one of two gods of "beginnings"; comparable to Roman god Janus).
One possible implication is that the children of Atlantis started out as matriarchal and later switched to patriarchal, but in some instances kept the term with the role rather than the gender. And notice that Dravidian for "mother" is phonetically the same as Basque for "mother," while Dravidian for "father" is phonetically the same as Etruscan for "father."
One other piece in the linguistic jigsaw puzzle comes from the Eastern Black Sea nation of Georgia (ancient Colchis of Jason and the Argonauts fame). Modern Georgian for mother is "deda," while father is "mama." This appears to be gender-swapped with Sumerian as well as the bulk of Indo-European languages. The chart below summarizes these relationships.
More on the Atlantis Story
For more information on this intriguing subject, see Mission: Atlantis.
A d v e r t i s e m e n t s
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